|The term ‘suffer’ - for example ‘he suffers from epilepsy’.
||‘Has’ or ‘experiences’ - for example ‘he has epilepsy’ as this is non-judgmental.
|The term ‘problem’ - for example ‘he has a mental health problem.’
||‘Difficulty’ or ‘Challenge’. In this particular example it may be best to say ‘he has a mental illness’ or ‘he has mild depression’.
|The word ‘only’ can imply judgement if you're not careful - for example ‘she can only sit on a till’.
||Something like ‘putting her solely on the till is the most effective use of her skills and abilities’.
|Never use the word ‘victim’ - for example ‘he is a victim of poor vision’; as it is judgmental.
||Say ‘he has poor vision’.
|Don't describe a disabled person in terms of their condition - for example ‘she is a diabetic’.
||Say ‘she has diabetes’.
|Don't use the term ‘handicap’ because of its negative connotations. Avoid ‘mental handicap’ as this is now considered offensive.
||In most cases the word ‘condition’ will suffice. ‘Learning disability’ is the term now used to describe a condition which results in an impaired intellectual ability.
|Avoid terms such as ‘wheelchair bound’ of ‘housebound’ as these are judgmental.
||Say ‘uses a wheelchair’ or ‘doesn't leave the house’ as these are factual.
|‘Cripple’ and ‘spastic’ were once commonly used terms which are now considered offensive.
||Use phrases such as ‘walks with sticks’, ‘uses a wheelchair’ or ‘has a condition which affects his mobility’.
|Leaning on someone's wheelchair is imposing upon their personal space.
||There isn't an alternative - just don't do it!